Introduction to Leukemia

Leukemia, also known as blood cancer, is a malignant proliferative lesion of hematopoietic stem cells and a clonal malignant disease of hematopoietic stem cells. Leukemia cells in their clones lose their ability to further differentiate and mature and arrest at different stages of cell development. In bone marrow and other hematopoietic tissues, leukemia cells accumulate and accumulate in other organs and tissues, and at the same time inhibit normal hematopoiesis. The clinical manifestations are anemia, hemorrhage, infection and infiltration of various organs. Leukemia is treatable. Commonly used quality methods are chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormone therapy, and bone marrow transplantation. The cure rate is related to age, and children are more likely to be cured than adults.

The cause of leukemia

Virus (30%); genetic factors (40%); radiological factors (10%); chemical factors (5%);

Leukemia prevention

Careful use of certain drugs, such as chloramphenicol, phenylbutazone, certain antiviral drugs, certain anti-tumor drugs and immunosuppressants, should avoid long-term use or abuse.

How to screen for leukemia

Blood routine is a kind of examination that we usually do, which is very common. Look at the blood routine test, the most important thing to look at three indicators - white blood cell count, hemoglobin and platelet count. General leukemia patients will have abnormal blood routine indicators

What are the diagnostic methods for leukemia?

Blood biochemical examination: 1 terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TDT): increased activity at ALL and no activity in ANLL. 2 alkaline phosphatase (AKP): apparently at ALL, AML was significantly reduced. 2 lactate dehydrogenase (LDH): significantly increased in ALL. In addition, the serum uric acid concentration is increased, and the amount of uric acid excretion in the urine is increased, which is even worse when treated with cytotoxic drugs.

Leukemia patient care

Closely observe changes in body temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure, complexion, skin, and nail bed to see if there is any improvement in anemia. Observe the changes in urine color and the presence or absence of bleeding, and take care measures to prevent bleeding.

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