The white/ball ratio is the measured value of serum albumin divided by the value of serum globulin, which is helpful in the diagnosis of liver disease. Almost all A/G in patients with liver disease can be reduced, especially in the liver with jaundice. In patients with extrahepatic biliary obstruction, the A/G ratio is similar to that of acute hepatitis. Severe cirrhosis, especially in patients with ascites, albumin is significantly reduced and r-globulin is significantly increased, A/G ratio can be inverted, this ratio abnormality is also an indicator for prognosis, A/G ratio continuously inverted indicates poor prognosis .

Basic Information

Specialist classification: Digestive examination classification: biochemical examination

Applicable gender: whether men and women apply fasting: fasting

Analysis results:

Below normal:
Can be seen in chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis, chronic nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, lipid nephropathy, hypoproteinemia, macroglobulinemia, multiple myeloma, kala-azar, connective tissue diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, subacute Infective endocarditis.

Normal value:
A/G: 1.51-2.5

Above normal:
Rare, mainly seen in hypoglobulinemia or congenital gamma globulinemia.

negative:

Positive:

Tips: Do not eat too greasy, high-protein foods the day before the blood draw, avoid heavy drinking. The alcohol content in the blood directly affects the test results. Fasting for 12 hours before taking blood, taking fresh blood for examination. Normal value

1.51 to 2.5:1 (normal ratio should be >1).

Clinical significance

Abnormal result

1, lower

Found in chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis, chronic nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, lipid nephropathy, hypoproteinemia, macroglobulinemia, multiple myeloma, kala-azar, connective tissue diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, subacute infection Endocarditis.

Almost all A/G in patients with liver disease can be reduced, especially in the liver with jaundice. In patients with extrahepatic biliary obstruction, the A/G ratio is similar to that of acute hepatitis. Severe cirrhosis, especially in patients with ascites, albumin is significantly reduced and r-globulin is significantly increased, A/G ratio can be inverted, this ratio abnormality is also an indicator for prognosis, A/G ratio continuously inverted indicates poor prognosis .

2, rise

Rare, mainly seen in hypoglobulinemia or congenital gamma globulinemia.

High results may be diseases: liver sputum, primary limited skin amyloidosis, chronic bacterial dysentery, liver, hepatitis, double infection precautions

Before inspection:

1, do not eat too greasy, high-protein food the day before the blood, to avoid heavy drinking. The alcohol content in the blood directly affects the test results.

2. Fasting for 12 hours before taking blood, taking fresh blood for inspection.

When checking:

When you draw blood, you should relax your mind, avoid the contraction of blood vessels caused by fear, and increase the difficulty of blood collection.

After inspection:

1. After blood is drawn, local compression is required at the pinhole for 3-5 minutes to stop bleeding. Note: Do not rub, so as not to cause subcutaneous hematoma.

2, the pressing time should be sufficient. There is a difference in clotting time for each person, and some people need a little longer to clotting. Therefore, when the surface of the skin appears to be bleeding, the compression is stopped immediately, and the blood may be infiltrated into the skin due to incomplete hemostasis. Therefore, the compression time is longer to completely stop bleeding. If there is a tendency to bleed, the compression time should be extended.

3, after the blood draw symptoms of fainting such as: dizziness, vertigo, fatigue, etc. should immediately lie down, drink a small amount of syrup, and then undergo a physical examination after the symptoms are relieved.

4. If there is localized congestion, use a warm towel after 24 hours to promote absorption.

Not suitable for the crowd: no.

Inspection process

The blood of the subject is drawn and detected by immunological methods.

Not suitable for the crowd

Not suitable for the crowd: people who need to be tested have cirrhosis, nephritis, jaundice, abdominal pain.

Adverse reactions and risks

no.