Normal people have no sputum or only a small amount of foamy sputum or mucus sputum. In the case of respiratory diseases, the amount of sputum can increase, exceeding 50 to 100 ml. The most sputum is seen in bronchiectasis, lung abscess, pulmonary edema, and lung cavity lesions; when the lung abscess or empyema is broken into the bronchus, the sputum may be purulent. In the course of disease treatment, if the amount of sputum is reduced, it generally indicates that the condition is improved; if there is bronchial obstruction, the sputum can not be discharged, and the amount of sputum is reduced, which indicates that the condition is developing.

Basic Information

Specialist classification: Respiratory examination classification: sputum examination

Applicable gender: whether men and women apply fasting: fasting

Tips: If you take the sputum specimen within 24h, avoid mixing saliva, nasopharyngeal secretions, food, mouthwash and so on. Normal value

Innocent.

Clinical significance

1, generally increased chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, early pneumonia, tuberculosis.

2, a large increase in lung abscess, tuberculosis cavity, bronchiectasis, pulmonary edema, lung gangrene, liver abscess into the bronchial and so on.

3, the amount of sputum gradually increased, indicating that the condition is aggravated; the amount of sputum gradually decreased, indicating that the condition improved.

High results may be diseases: phlegm and dampness, bronchitis, acute bronchitis in children, acute tracheal-bronchitis, dry evils, lung precautions

1. When the sputum is checked, it is very important for the patient to take a qualified sputum specimen. That is, first sip a few times with water, and then cough up the sputum deep in the trachea. Generally, it is advisable to use the first to second mouths after deep cough in the morning.

2. If you take the sputum specimen within 24 hours, avoid mixing saliva, nasopharyngeal secretions, food, mouthwash and so on. If necessary, add carbolic acid to the specimen bottle for preservation.

Inspection process

The sputum specimens were collected and sent for inspection, and the homology test was tested.

Not suitable for the crowd

Inappropriate people: Generally there are no people who are not suitable.

Adverse reactions and risks

No adverse reactions.