Vaginal secretions, also known as vaginal discharge, are produced by the secretion of mucus from various parts of the female genitalia, mixed with epithelial cells, white blood cells, bacteria, etc., which are shed by the vaginal mucosa. Its role is to keep the vaginal mucosa moist and in a lubricated state. Vaginal secretion examination is to observe the color, traits, pH, viscosity, etc. of vaginal secretions, mainly used for the diagnosis of female reproductive system diseases.

Basic Information

Specialist classification: gynecological examination classification: vaginal secretion examination

Applicable gender: whether women are fasting: not fasting

Analysis results:

Below normal:

Normal value:
no

Above normal:

negative:
It is white, mushy and has no odor. If the ovulation period is near, the leucorrhea is more clear and transparent, and it is egg-like. After the ovulation period, the leucorrhea is white, turbid, and more viscous, with less amount.

Positive:
1, transparent sticky leucorrhea and more common in chronic diseases, such as tuberculosis, anemia and women with weak constitution. 2, gray or grayish yellow, low viscosity is common in bacterial vaginitis. 3, yellow or yellow-green, low viscosity is common in trichomonas vaginitis. 4, yellow water samples are common in uterine submucosal fibroids, cervical cancer, uterine body cancer, fallopian tube cancer. 5, purulent is common in trichomonas vaginitis, chronic cervicitis, senile vaginitis, endometritis, official effusion, vaginal foreign body and so on. 6. The bean curd residue is held by fungal vaginitis. 7, blood should be alert to the possibility of malignant tumors, such as cervical cancer, palace cancer. Also seen in cervical polyps, severe chronic cervicitis, submucosal fibroids, senile vaginitis, and reactions caused by intrauterine devices.

Tips: Do not use any medicine in the vagina before the examination. Normal value

It is white, mushy and has no odor. If the ovulation period is near, the leucorrhea is more clear and transparent, and it is egg-like. After the ovulation period, the leucorrhea is white, turbid, and more viscous, with less amount.

Clinical significance

1, traits.

Transparent viscous vaginal discharge is more common in chronic diseases such as tuberculosis, anemia and women with weak constitution.

Gray or grayish yellow, low viscosity is common in bacterial vaginitis.

Yellow or yellowish green, low viscosity is common in trichomonas vaginitis.

Yellow water samples are common in uterine submucosal fibroids, cervical cancer, uterine body cancer, fallopian tube cancer.

Purulent is common in trichomonas vaginitis, chronic cervicitis, senile vaginitis, endometritis, effusion, vaginal foreign body and so on.

The bean curd residue is held by fungal vaginitis.

Blood should be alert to the possibility of malignant tumors, such as cervical cancer, palace cancer. Also seen in cervical polyps, severe chronic cervicitis, submucosal fibroids, senile vaginitis, and reactions caused by intrauterine devices.

2, pH.

Elevated acidity is suitable for pathogen reproduction, reducing vaginal disease resistance, susceptible to pathogen infection and vaginitis, such as bacterial vaginitis, fungal vaginitis, trichomonas vaginitis.

Positive results may be diseases: trichomoniasis vulvitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, bacterial vaginitis, simple vulvovaginal candidiasis, chronic cervicitis, fungal vulvitis, tuberculous vaginitis, cervicitis, candida vaginitis precautions

1. 24 hours before specimen collection, sexual intercourse, bathing, vaginal examination, vaginal lavage and topical application are prohibited, so as not to affect the examination results.

2, the amount of vaginal secretions, and estrogen levels and genital congestion, such as before and after, during pregnancy, the application of estrogen drugs, the amount is often increased.

Inspection process

Take vaginal secretions, smear with saline, high-poweroscopy.

Not suitable for the crowd

Inappropriate people: menstruating women.

Adverse reactions and risks

If the disinfection is not strict, it is easy to cause vaginal infection.