The hallux valgus test is an examination of the eversion of the thumb and is used for pre-operative diagnosis. X-ray findings include the lateral subluxation of the metacarpophalangeal joint, the shift of the big toe to the midline, the medial bone of the first metatarsal head protruding and hardening, and the sesam bone displaced to the outside. The first metatarsal varus, the angle between the first and second metatarsals was >9°. In the advanced stage, the first metatarsophalangeal joint undergoes degenerative changes, the joint space is narrowed, and there is a callus at the periphery of the joint. Although the hallux valgus is not beautiful in the early stage, it is difficult to select shoes and it is easy to damage the shape of the shoe, it has not brought too much discomfort to people. However, with the increase of age, the degree of hallux valgus deformity will increase, and many serious complications such as bunions, plantar fasciitis, claw-toe, corns, foot pads, flat feet, and cross-bow collapse will occur.

Basic Information

Specialist classification: growth and development check classification: X-ray

Applicable gender: whether men and women apply fasting: not fasting

Analysis results:

Below normal:

Normal value:
no

Above normal:

negative:
The thumbs of the feet are not deformed.

Positive:
Stand up and close your feet to see if the big toe is tilted more than 15 degrees to the second toe. If there is, the thumb is everted. Severe big toe external hemorrhoids can be located under the second and third toes, the second and third toes are topped up, and hammer toes can be formed over time.

Tips: Check your relaxation, face it positively, and actively cooperate with the inspection. Normal value

The thumbs of the feet are not deformed.

Clinical significance

Abnormal results:

Stand up and close your feet to see if the big toe is tilted more than 15 degrees to the second toe. If there is, the thumb is everted. Severe big toe external hemorrhoids can be located under the second and third toes, the second and third toes are topped up, and hammer toes can be formed over time. After the internal toe of the big toe (actually the first metatarsal), it is extremely raised, which is easy to form friction with the shoes. For a long time, the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the place is thickened, red and swollen, and the bursa is formed, resulting in a bun. inflammation. Causes pain, local ulceration can cause infection, patients with hallux valgus deformity due to abnormalities in the biomechanics of the forefoot, many combined with the foot of the foot to cause pain caused by walking.

People who need to be examined: people with deformed feet and thumbs.

Positive result may be disease: hallux valgus considerations

Forbidden before examination: athlete's foot is treated first.

Requirements for inspection: Check the feelings of relaxation, face positively, and actively cooperate with the inspection.

Inspection process

Stand up and close your feet to see if the big toe is tilted more than 15 degrees to the second toe.

Not suitable for the crowd

Inappropriate people: people with severe diabetes, acute infectious diseases, severe rheumatoid arthritis, fusion of the hallux toe joints, and severe nerve damage.

Adverse reactions and risks

Nothing.