Breast self-examination is a preliminary examination of the breast by a woman, which can detect breast lesions in time. The breast is an ectodermal organ that originates from the skin and belongs to the shallow structure of the chest wall. From the age of 12 to 13 years old, the breasts begin to develop and mature to 15 to 17 years old. Despite the difference in species and ethnicity, roughly the mammary gland is composed of 15 to 20 glandular leaves. Breast dysplasia is essentially a lack of tissue, so it is advisable to increase the content of the breast, expand the volume, and improve the appearance, so that women can express the unique curvaceous beauty and charm.

Basic Information

Specialist classification: gynecological examination classification: other inspection

Applicable gender: whether women are fasting: not fasting

Tips: Before the check: taboo: pay attention to the special history of breast disease, various diseases may have an impact on the examination. Normal value

No abnormal breast lumps were found during the self-test.

Clinical significance

Abnormal results:

At first glance, check whether the nipple is retracted or offset, and whether the breast skin has dimples (early performance) and orange peel-like appearance (late performance).

Two touch sitting or supine, five fingers close together with the palm of the hand and the palm of the front half of the palm touch on the breast (do not grasp the breast, prevent the breast lobules from being mistaken for a lump). Check for breast lumps and tenderness, as well as the size, shape, texture, surface condition, activity, and boundary of the lumps. If you have any of the following conditions, please go to the breast hospital immediately.

1. There is a painless mass in the breast, the boundary is unclear, the surface is not smooth, and the activity is not good.

2. Axillary lymph nodes are painlessly enlarged.

During the three-crowding non-lactation period, the hands are closed, the breasts are held around the ring, and the palms are properly squeezed to check whether the nipple has liquid spillage and liquid properties. According to statistics, the incidence of breast cancer in patients with nipple discharge is 20%-45%. Nipple discharge is the first symptom of intraductal cancer.

If you find the following symptoms during self-examination, it is recommended to visit the hospital.

1. The size and shape of the breast changes.

2. The shape and position of the nipple (such as nipple retraction) changes.

3. The nipple has blood or other liquids that overflow.

4. The skin of the breast is sunken and smashed.

5. There is a lump or any hard tissue in the breast.

6. Any pain or discomfort.

People to check: All adult women.

Precautions

Forbidden before examination: Pay attention to the particularity of the history of breast disease, and various diseases may have an impact on the examination.

Requirements for inspection: Checking for relaxation, checking may cause physical and psychological burdens, should be actively faced, and actively cooperate with the inspection. The examination needs to expose the breasts, so the upper body should wear clothes that are easy to take off. For patients with newly diagnosed breast diseases, if they are not satisfied with the physical examination, they can cooperate with the patients and check again at the best physical examination time, such as on the 10th day of the menstrual cycle to avoid physiological changes in the breast during the menstrual cycle. The interference caused. The examination should be adequately illuminated to avoid neglecting signs caused by minor lesions.

Inspection process

Take off your clothes, put your hands on your hips, face the mirror, and check your nipples.

Sitting or lying on your back, the five fingers are close together with the palm of your hand and the front half of the palm squared on the breast.

Put your hands together, hold the breasts in your ring, and squeeze them with your palms.

Not suitable for the crowd

Inappropriate people: lactating women.

Adverse reactions and risks

No related complications and hazards.