The knee joint separation test is to examine the medial collateral ligament to diagnose whether there is slack or breakage. In the knee joint separation test, the patient was supine and the knee joint was straightened. The examiner grasped the calf end of the affected limb in one hand, abducted the calf, and held the outside of the knee joint with the other hand, pushing the knee inward to make the medial collateral ligament tense.

Basic Information

Specialist classification: growth and development check classification: other inspection

Applicable gender: whether men and women apply fasting: not fasting

Analysis results:

Below normal:

Normal value:
no

Above normal:

negative:
Negative: There is no feeling of soreness on the inside of the knee joint.

Positive:
Positive: Chronic medial collateral ligament injury, only knee pain inside the knee joint, tender point in the femur or humerus. The lateral collateral ligament injury tender point is in the upper femoral epiphysis and the humeral head.

Tips: Check your relaxation, face it positively, and check it out. Normal value

The result of the test was negative. There is no feeling of soreness on the inside of the knee joint.

Clinical significance

Abnormal results: the test results were positive, chronic medial collateral ligament injury, only knee pain inside the knee joint, tender point in the femur or humerus. The lateral collateral ligament injury tender point is in the upper femoral epiphysis and the humeral head.

People who need to be examined: people with abnormal pain in the knee joint and around.

Positive results may be disease: quadriceps tendon rupture, lateral knee ligament injury, congenital knee dislocation, pediatric arch leg syndrome, diaphragmatic tendonitis, knee osteoarthritis, recurrent patellofemoral dislocation, humeral osteochondrosis , knee joint collateral ligament rupture considerations

Taboo before inspection: no special contraindications.

Requirements for inspection: Check the feelings of relaxation, face positively, and actively cooperate with the inspection.

Inspection process

The patient is supine and the knee is straight. The examiner holds the calf end of the affected limb in one hand, abducts the calf, and the other hand presses the outside of the knee joint, pushing the knee inward to make the medial collateral ligament tense.

Not suitable for the crowd

Inappropriate crowd: None.

Adverse reactions and risks

Nothing.