Sperm morphology

Sperm morphology examination is to stain the liquefied semen after smear, observe the morphological characteristics of the sperm under the microscope, and calculate the percentage of normal morphology sperm. Mainly used for the diagnosis of male infertility.

Basic Information

Specialist classification: male examination check classification: semen and prostatic fluid examination

Applicable gender: whether the male is fasting: not fasting

Tips: You must abstain from sex for 3 to 5 days, generally no more than 5 days. Normal value

Normal form sperm exceeds 0.30.

Clinical significance

Such as the normal form of sperm count less than 0.30, known as deformity sperm disease, found in varicocele, reproductive system infections, abnormal hormone levels and drug effects.

Low results may be diseases: semen does not liquefy, female infertility precautions

Before the examination: must be abstinence for 3 to 5 days, generally no more than 5 days. The time of abstinence should not be too long, because the amount of semen increases, and the vitality of sperm decreases. Testosterone propionate, testosterone phenylacetate, and nantrolone phenylpropionate could not be used 1 week before the test.

During the examination: the collected semen should be promptly handed over to the doctor for examination and actively cooperate with the doctor.

Not suitable for the crowd: no.

Inspection process

For semen collection, use a soft soap or paraffin to massage the genitals, ejaculate, and collect the semen into a sterile test tube. Give it to your doctor for a stain test. Because sperm smear staining is the main means of analyzing sperm morphology, normal sperm and physiological and pathological range of sperm can only be analyzed by staining. Commonly used HE (hematoxylin-eosin) staining method or Ray-Jie staining method, the special identification of the morphology can be improved by Pap staining. After staining, the morphology of the sperm was observed directly under a microscope.

Not suitable for the crowd

Generally no taboos.

Adverse reactions and risks

Generally no complications and harm.