Endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a method of inserting an endoscope into the descending part of the duodenum, looking for the nipple of the pancreaticobiliary opening, and then inserting a contrast catheter through the examination and injecting a contrast agent for X-ray examination.

Basic Information

Specialist classification: Digestive examination classification: X-ray

Applicable gender: whether men and women apply fasting: fasting

Tips: Taboo drink and eat within 8 hours. Severe heart, lung, kidney, liver dysfunction and mental illness are not suitable for this examination. Normal value

Remove foreign bodies in the extrahepatic bile duct, including biliary stones, biliary tract mites, necrotic tumor thrombi in the bile duct, and mucus in the biliary tract (mucinous tumor).

Clinical significance

Abnormal results: Many cases of pancreaticobiliary diseases (such as pancreaticobiliary stones, tumors and stenosis).

Precautions

Inappropriate people: those with severe heart, lung, kidney, liver dysfunction and mental illness.

Contraindications before inspection: Drinking water and eating within 8 hours.

Requirements for inspection: If there is any situation, report it in time.

Inspection process

Introducing the safety and superiority of the operation, the excellent technique of the surgeon, the operation is very serious and rigorous, the doctor and the nurse will be very responsible, and there is a nurse who is responsible for the patient's ECG, blood oxygen monitoring and timely removal. Respiratory tract, digestive tract secretions, teach patients to breathe slowly during surgery, let the secretions in the mouth naturally flow out, if swallowed, there may be aspiration, causing cough, absolutely can not pull out the mirror to avoid tearing and perforation of the digestive tract . If you have any complaints or discomfort, please pat your ass, the doctor will handle it as appropriate, and often give comfort and encouragement. In addition, please ask the patient who has done ERCP to speak up and feel. The patient has sufficient mental preparation, and the patients who decide to be treated under awake or under general anesthesia are actively trained and prepared according to their own conditions to actively cooperate with the treatment of ERCP.

Not suitable for the crowd

Inappropriate people: those with severe heart, lung, kidney, liver dysfunction and mental illness.

Adverse reactions and risks may cause mucosal damage and cause infection.