Fecal traits can help diagnose a variety of bowel diseases. Feces are commonly called stools, food waste excretions from people or animals. Three-quarters of the feces are water, and the rest are mostly protein, minerals, fat, undigested dietary fiber, dehydrated digestive juice residues, and cells that have fallen from the intestines and dead bacteria, as well as vitamin K. , vitamin B.

Basic Information

Specialist classification: Digestive examination classification: feces / parasitic examination

Applicable gender: whether men and women apply fasting: not fasting

Tips: This test is for visual inspection and does not require restrictions on the type of diet. Normal value

Form soft stools.

Clinical significance

Abnormal results:

1. The stool of constipation is a spherical lumps.

2, porridge or watery stools are seen in diarrhea caused by various reasons.

3, rice soup will be seen in cholera and paracholera patients.

4, blood color dark or tar-like for the far blood, mostly esophageal, stomach and duodenal bleeding.

5, the stool under the blood, bright red for the near blood, for the disease in the large intestine or hemorrhoids bleeding.

6, the stool is venting, and less bloating is spleen yang deficiency.

Need to check the crowd:

Abnormal stool, abnormal symptoms of bowel movements.

Precautions

Requirements for inspection:

1, due to intestinal peristalsis or increased secretion. Found in a variety of infectious or non-infectious diarrhea, especially acute enteritis. Pseudomembranous colitis should be considered when a large amount of yellow-green thin juice (3000 ml or more) is contained and the membrane is contained. AIDS patients can also discharge a large amount of water-like feces when they are infected with Cryptosporidium.

2, according to the traits and composition of the feces, understand the digestive status, in order to roughly judge the exocrine function of the pancreas.

3, a small amount of mucus in normal feces due to uniform mixing with the feces is not easy to see, once there is visible mucus, the amount increased.

Preparation before inspection:

1. This test is for visual inspection and does not require restrictions on the type of diet.

2. It is forbidden to take antidiarrheal drugs or laxatives before the naked eye test to avoid affecting the test results.

Inspection process

Visual observation, pay attention to the characteristics of feces (hard stool, soft stool, loose stool, watery stool, thin paste or thin juice-like stool, sputum, rice bran-like stool, frozen stool, white clay-like stool, thin strip ).

Not suitable for the crowd

No taboos.

Adverse reactions and risks

This check will not cause complications or harm.