Anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA)
Refers to an antibody against the mitochondrial inner membrane lipoprotein component, without organ and species specificity. This antibody is mainly IgG. Commonly used rat stomach or kidney cortex as antigen matrix for immunofluorescence assay. AMA can be detected in many liver diseases. The positive rate was 90.5% in asymptomatic patients with primary biliary cirrhosis, 92.5% in symptomatic patients, and more than 90% in chronic active hepatitis; however, common bile duct obstruction and extrahepatic bile duct obstruction were negative. In addition, the positive rate of chronic active hepatitis and portal cirrhosis was 25%.Basic Information
Specialist classification: examination classification: blood examination
Applicable gender: whether men and women apply fasting: not fastingAnalysis results:
Found in primary biliary cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, autoimmune diseases (such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.).
Indirect immunofluorescence is less than 1:10 (negative).Clinical significance
Positive in primary biliary cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, autoimmune diseases (such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.).Positive results may be diseases: rheumatoid arthritis, hepatitis, biliary cirrhosis precautions
Contraindications before the examination: Because the patient needs to take some blood, the patient needs to undergo an empty stomach examination.
Requirements for examination: AMA is often used as an auxiliary diagnosis for the cause of jaundice and liver disease. It can be used as a basis for differential diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis and extrahepatic biliary obstructive cirrhosis. The doctor should pay attention to his diagnosis according to the examination process.Inspection process
Laboratory Description: Anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA) is an autoantibody that occurs primarily in the serum of patients with primary or biliary cirrhosis.
Inspection method: indirect fluorescent antibody method.Not suitable for the crowd
Not suitable for the crowd: generally no special population.Adverse reactions and risks
There are no related complications.