Skin diseases caused by rubber products

Introduction

Introduction to skin diseases caused by rubber products

Skin diseases caused by rubber products refer to skin diseases that occur during the processing, production and use of rubber products. Dermatitis occurs frequently in summer, and the contact area may have red maculopapular rash, papules, scattered or dense, consciously itching, and skin damage is treated according to general principles.

basic knowledge

The proportion of sickness: 0.01%

Susceptible people: more common in the processing, production and use of rubber products

Mode of infection: non-infectious

Complications: Pasini-Pierni progressive skin atrophy

Pathogen

Causes of skin diseases caused by rubber products

(1) Causes of the disease

Natural and synthetic rubbers are used in the rubber products industry. Natural rubbers usually do not cause sensitivities, while synthetic rubbers, especially additives added during rubber processing, such as hardeners (sulfur, sulfur monochloride, etc.), fillers (magnesium carbonate) , calcium carbonate, etc.), anti-wear agents (carbon black, asphalt, resins, etc.), accelerators (tetramethyl bis-dithiocarbazide, TMTD), antioxidant A (N-phenyl--naphthylamine) ) and a coloring agent (phthalocyanine blue, titanium white powder, chrome pigment), etc., cause an allergic contact reaction after contact.

(two) pathogenesis

Synthetic rubber, especially additives added during rubber processing such as hardener (sulfur, sulfur monochloride, etc.), filler (magnesium carbonate, calcium carbonate, etc.), anti-wear agent (carbon black, asphalt, resin, etc.), Promoter (tetramethyl bis-dithiocarbamide, TMTD), antioxidant A (N-phenyl--naphthylamine) and colorant (phthalocyanine blue, titanium dioxide, chrome pigment), etc., after contact Causes allergic contact reactions.

Prevention

Skin disease prevention caused by rubber products

Strengthen personal protection such as wearing cotton gloves, wearing work clothes, avoiding direct contact with irritants, and using non-irritating or less irritating accelerators and anti-aging agents.

Complication

Skin disease complications caused by rubber products Complications Pasini-Pierni progressive skin atrophy

Occasionally with skin atrophy and skin pigmentation.

Symptom

Symptoms of skin diseases caused by rubber products Common symptoms Papillary pigment loss and itching

More common in rubber products processing, production and use of practitioners, skin lesions located in the face, neck, hands, forearms, calves, etc., dermatitis often occurs in summer, contact areas may have red maculopapular rash, papules, scattered or dense, consciously itching, Excessive keratinization in winter, mainly hand damage, dry, rough or chapped, conscious pain, hyperpigmentation is more common in the face and forearm, reticular gray-brown patches, unclear boundary, occasional skin atrophy and skin pigmentation .

Examine

Examination of skin diseases caused by rubber products

Clinical skin examination: lesions are located on the face, neck, hands, forearms, calves, etc. Dermatitis occurs frequently in summer, and the contact area may have red maculopapular rash, papules, scattered or dense, and consciously itching. Excessive hyperkeratosis in winter, mainly hand damage, dry, rough or chapped, conscious pain. Pigmentation is more common in the face and forearms, and it is a reticular gray-brown patch with unclear boundaries.

Pathological examination: telangiectasia is obvious, which can reduce a large number of eosinophil infiltration, suggesting that the disease is related to allergies.

Diagnosis

Diagnostic identification of skin diseases caused by rubber products

The disease should be differentiated from other causes of allergic diseases, such as urticaria, urticaria is also an allergic rash, also has obvious itching, the skin usually appears bulging rash over the surface of the skin, often accompanied by obvious itching However, the cause of urticaria is usually unclear and may be considered to be related to dust and pollen in the air, as well as particulate allergies such as pollen. Rubber dermatitis has a clear history of rubber contact.