The face is the most prominent sign of a person's appearance, and the beauty of the face is related to a person's first impression. As a result, facial beauty came into being, and face-lifting has become a hot spot for many beauty lovers. Face-lifting is to use a variety of medical beauty techniques such as liposuction, ultrasound, and bone cutting to create a smooth, perfect line of the face, remove excess fat, and achieve the purpose of beautifying the face.

Suitable for people: masseter muscle hypertrophy

Indication

1. Facial liposuction is suitable for facial bones, but the subcutaneous fat is accumulated in the cheeks, ankles, and lower jaws. It looks like full moon face, flip face, double chin, national character face, etc. People.

2, osteotomy is mainly for people with large mandibular angle.

3, liposuction for people whose face is too fat.

4, ultrasound method for people with loose skin

Face-lifting is not a bone indication:

1. Pursue a higher degree of beauty, hoping to add brilliance to your appearance and make yourself more attractive to the beauty.

2. Relieve or eliminate the phenomenon of natural aging, reshape youth, and restore self-confidence.

3, the appearance of congenital or acquired causes of deformity, can also be achieved through thin face and no bones.

Contraindications

1. Patients with mental illness or those with high expectations.

2, scar body.

3. Patients with severe organ diseases.

4. Patients with infectious diseases.

5, allergies.

Preoperative preparation

1. Do not take aspirin-containing drugs for the first two weeks of face-lifting because aspirin reduces the function of platelet coagulation.

2, if you have high blood pressure and diabetes, you should inform the doctor about the condition at the time of initial diagnosis, so that the doctor can confirm the face-lifting plan.

3, before the face is determined to be healthy, no infectious diseases or other body inflammation.

4, do not make up before face-lifting.

5, male face to stop smoking in advance for a week.

Treatment and process

Facial liposuction

The face-lifting face is suitable for the facial bones, but the subcutaneous fat is accumulated in the cheeks, ankles, and lower jaws. It is shaped like a "full moon face", "flip face", "double chin", "national character face" and so on.

Method of implementation: There are two surgical methods, one is surgery to the buccal fat pad, and the other is subcutaneous liposuction. Going to the buccal fat pad, as the name implies, is to remove the buccal fat pad from the face. For liposuction, the doctor needs to use a fine needle to poke into the face and slowly suck out the excess fat. The operation requires local anesthesia and the entire process takes 40 minutes. The plasty person needs to wear a headgear stereotype within 3-5 days after the operation, and the thread can be removed after one week.

Osteotomy

The face-lifting face-lifting face is mainly aimed at people who have a large mandibular angle and want to turn into a face of a melon. They can only rely on bone-cutting surgery, that is, use a machine to smooth or cut the large mandibular angle. In summary, we may wish to learn about the face-lifting methods commonly used by stars. Then, through the face-lifting surgery performed by a professional doctor in a regular hospital, you can achieve a star-like face-lifting effect.

If a person with a large mandibular angle wants to become a face of a melon, he can only rely on a bone-cutting operation, that is, use a machine to smooth or cut a large mandibular angle.

Implementation method: also called mandibular angle osteotomy. This operation requires general anesthesia or local anesthesia in the surgeon. The doctor cuts the knife from the mouth of the cosmetic surgeon and smoothes or flattens the wide mandibular angle. The operation takes one to two hours, and the postoperative cosmetic surgeon can be discharged from the hospital for one week, and can be fully recovered after one or two months.

Liposuction

Method: Open a small hole near the facial skin below the facial skin. If the face is too fat, the opening will be changed under the ear. Then insert a small tube to suck out excess subcutaneous fat, making the cheeks and jaws more solid. Face liposuction must be especially careful, because the extraction of excess fat, the face skin is more likely to lose elasticity and rapid aging.

The suction action should be gentle and pay attention to aseptic operation. The success of liposuction and face-lifting is inseparable from the experience of the operating doctor, so be sure to choose a qualified doctor to operate.

Advantages of liposuction: reduce the effect of gravity and reduce the sagging of the face. The liposuction tube can promote the proliferation of fibroblasts after stimulating the subcutaneous tissue, build blood, increase the skin and subcutaneous blood flow, restore the elasticity of the skin, and allow the skin to contract.

Ultrasonic method

Ultrasonic thin face is the ultrasonic frequency emitted by the machine, which has the effect of tightening the skin. At the same time, there is no injection, no scars. As long as you don't overeating after recovery, you can keep it for 5 to 10 years. The effect is good.

The principle is the same as the ultrasonic method to remove the eye bags. Any tissue cells have a solid ultrasonic vibration frequency, and facial fat cells are no exception. When the ultrasonic frequency emitted by the machine is consistent with the fat cell frequency, a resonance reaction occurs. When this resonance reaction reaches a certain energy density, the cell membrane of the fat cell will rupture. In this way, facial fat cells are emulsified and die, and it is not easy to relapse in the future.

treatment effect

Improve facial shape and achieve face-lifting effect. Moreover, after liposuction, it can help reduce the facial gravity, thus avoiding the sagging of the face and making the overall feeling of the face younger.

complication

1, facial nerve damage

Temporary facial nerve paralysis: it is caused by normal pulling during surgery, or caused by swelling of the wound; the phenomenon of head-up disappearance may occur in the operation of the humerus. Axillary surgery may result in asymmetry on both sides of the mouth. The chances of occurrence are not high and will slowly recover after two to three months.

Permanent facial nerve damage: The chance of occurrence is very low, mostly related to mandibular surgery. Many professionally designed intraoral surgical instruments can avoid such sequelae.

2, open mouth difficulties

Because of chewing muscle swelling or swelling of the wound, it will slowly recover after swelling, which takes about two weeks.

3, cheeks or feelings around the mouth is dull

This happens in a small number of patients because of the swelling of the wound after surgery and the compression of the facial sensory nerves. Avoid overheated food to prevent accidental burns. It usually takes two to four weeks to recover after the wound has been swollen.

4, wound bleeding, hematomas or bruising of the skin

The purpose of the device drainage tube and the use of elastic bands is to prevent or mitigate these problems. Avoid too early massage of the wound to prevent serious bleeding.

5, the face is swollen.

Rehabilitation and care

1. Before using the line, you should insist on using salt water or medical mouthwash to prevent infection.

2, after the face is to be hospitalized, intravenous infusion of hemostatic drugs, antibiotics.

3, after face-lifting can be applied to the local wound pressure bandage or cold pack, but the pressure should not be large, so as not to damage the surgical site. Once bleeding occurs and severe hematoma occurs, you should go to the hospital for a follow-up.

4, after face-lifting should have a quiet and comfortable environment to recuperate, to avoid weight-bearing and increase wound swelling.

5, thin face will have some pain on the day, but will gradually reduce over time. Patients should not rush to eat pain tablets, because aspirin drugs will increase wound bleeding.

6, after eating face to avoid irritating food, such as pepper, try not to stay up late, the less the amount of tobacco and alcohol, the better.

7, after face-lifting, strictly follow the doctor's medication and return to the doctor.

Risk and prevention

1, the operation is more difficult, there is the possibility of a fake cheek fat pad.

2, hematoma, seroma: a more common complication after liposuction, often appear in a week or so after surgery, should be promptly treated as soon as possible.

3. Infection: There is a possibility of infection in liposuction. If it happens, you should seek medical treatment in time.

4, skin numbness or pain, subcutaneous induration and pigmentation caused by vascular network damage.

5, skin ischemia, necrosis: liposuction has the possibility of skin ischemia, necrosis, once it occurs, try to protect the surrounding skin, and seek medical advice as soon as possible.

6. Peripheral nerve damage: The depth of aspiration may cause nerve damage.

7, local unevenness: related to the suction plane and the amount of aspiration, once it occurs should be completely swollen and then seek medical treatment.

8, skin muscle adhesion: causing local skin and expression muscle adhesion should be related to the amount of fat pumping, once in a timely treatment.

9, male patients in the beard growth area after the suction of fat is likely to cause hair follicle damage.

Physiology and aesthetics

Facial structure

The face, medically known as the face, is divided into epidermis, superficial fascia and subcutaneous ligaments, muscles, blood vessels and lymph, deep fat, cranial adventitia and facial skull according to the level from shallow to deep. The superficial fascia contains superficial fat, also known as "subcutaneous fat" or "halo", located on the superficial surface of the superficial muscle decidual system (SMAS); deep fat, also known as "slab", located in the SMAS Deeply, there are mainly: fat pad, buccal fat pad, eye fat pad and orbital fat pad. The buccal fat pad is the main fatty filling structure of the face, which has the greatest influence on the facial morphology. The facial muscles can be divided into facial muscles and masticatory muscles, wherein the masticatory muscles are divided into masseter muscles, diaphragm muscles, etc., and the shape of the masseter muscles also affects the overall appearance of the face. In addition, the skull is the basic skeleton that constitutes the face, and the upper and lower jaws play a very important role in the entire face, which determines the basic structure of the face.

Aesthetic characteristics of the face

According to the Boch classification, there are 10 types of faces, and all countries in the world think that the elliptical face is the most beautiful face. From the measurement point of view, the following criteria should be met: the ratio of the head height to the face width is 1.618:1; the nose root point divides the head height into two equal parts. The height of the forehead hairline, the eyebrow, the base of the nasal column and the lower edge of the inferior tibia were divided into three equal parts; the medial malleolus spacing, the left and right cleft palate width, and the lateral angle of the eye to the ipsilateral hairline were equal. The face width is equal to the sum of the middle and lower heights. The horizontal distance between the mandibular angle and the underarm point is 1/2 of the face height and the curvature is 116°.

In addition to the above characteristics, the perfect and harmonious face should be full and round, but it can't be obese and bloated. The traditional Chinese beauty of the face of the woman is attributed to the "face of the melon seeds", reflecting a youthful, petite and lovely beauty. The male face should be sharp and angular, showing the masculinity. It can be seen that the beauty of facial beauty occupies an important position in aesthetics of appearance. Therefore, the goal pursued by many beauty seekers is not only the refined facial features, but also the fullness and harmonious layout.

Equipment and materials

Fine scissors: used to trim facial soft tissue.

Fine tweezers: used to help trim facial soft tissue.

Scalpel: used for surgical incision and trimming of skin and soft tissue.

Pattern pliers: used to grip surgical objects and assist in trimming facial soft tissue.

Curved plate: used for intraoperative storage.

Measuring cup: used to measure the liquid in the process.

Syringe: For the injection of anesthetic drugs or other liquids.

Soft tissue forceps: used to grasp soft tissue.

Cartilage forceps: used to clamp cartilage tissue and bone tissue.

Ruler: For accurate measurement of surgical size.

Needle thread: for fixation and skin suture.

Aspirator: Used to absorb excess fluid during surgery.